Duke of Lancaster's Regiment

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The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment
(King's, Lancashire and Border)
The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment Cap Badge.jpg
The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment Cap Badge
Active1 July 2006 –
Allegiance United Kingdom
Branch British Army
TypeLine Infantry
Role1st Battalion – Light Infantry
2nd Battalion – Specialised Infantry
4th BattalionArmy Reserve
SizeThree battalions
Part ofKing's Division
Garrison/HQRHQ – Preston
1st Battalion – Chester
2nd Battalion – Pirbright
4th Battalion – Preston
Nickname(s)Lions of England
Motto(s)"Nec Aspera Terrent" (Latin) "Difficulties be Damned"[1]
MarchQuick – John Peel
Slow – The Red Rose
AnniversariesLadysmith (28 February),
St George's Day (23 April),
Waterloo (18 June)
Colonel in ChiefThe Duke of Lancaster
Colonel of
the Regiment
Brigadier Frazer M Lawrence OBE QCVS[2]
Tactical Recognition FlashDLR TRF 2014.svg
Arm BadgeGlider
From King's Own Royal Border Regiment

The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (King's, Lancashire and Border) (LANCS) is an infantry regiment of the line within the British Army, part of the King's Division. Headquartered in Preston, it recruits throughout the North West of England. The Duke of Lancaster is a title inherent in the Sovereign (like the titles Duke of Normandy and Lord of the Isle of Man) and as such does not vary with the Sovereign's gender.


The regiment's formation was announced on 16 December 2004 by Geoff Hoon and General Sir Mike Jackson as part of the restructuring of the infantry, when it was initially to be known as the King's Lancashire and Border Regiment. The regiment was given its new name in November 2005. Initially formed of three regular army battalions, it was eventually reduced to two regular battalions, plus an Army Reserve battalion. The regiment was formed through the merger of three single battalion regiments:[3]

The regiment was formed on 1 July 2006. Initially, on formation, the regiment contained three regular battalions, with each battalion simply being renamed:

  • 1st Battalion, Queen's Lancashire Regiment – 1st Battalion, The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment
  • 1st Battalion, King's Regiment – 2nd Battalion, The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment
  • 1st Battalion, King's Own Royal Border Regiment – 3rd Battalion, The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment

In March 2007, the 3rd Battalion was disbanded, with its personnel dispersed to the other two, leaving the final roll of two regular battalions and one Reserve battalion.[4]


The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment is the county regiment for Cumbria, Merseyside, Lancashire, Greater Manchester and the Isle of Man, and as such, recruits mainly from these areas.[5]


Regimental Headquarters[edit]

The Regimental Headquarters is located in Fulwood Barracks, Preston.[6]

1st Battalion[edit]

The 1st Battalion is a light role infantry battalion based in Chester.[7]

2nd Battalion[edit]

The 2nd Battalion is a Specialised Infantry battalion based at Pirbright Camp, providing an increased contribution to countering terrorism and building stability overseas.[8] Under Defence in a Competitive Age, the battalion is due to convert, and become one of the forming battalions of the Ranger Regiment.[9]

4th Battalion[edit]

The 4th Battalion is the regiment's reserve battalion and is based across the regimental recruiting area, as part of 4th Infantry Brigade.[10]

Regimental museum[edit]

There are five regimental museum collections based around the antecedent regiments:

Battle honours[edit]

Soldiers from the 1st Battalion Duke of Lancaster's Regiment patrolling in Afghanistan in 2010

Infantry regiments are permitted to display 43 battle honours from the two world wars on the Queen's Colour and 46 honours from other conflicts on the Regimental Colour. Upon amalgamation, the Duke of Lancaster's Regiment had to choose from the total list of honours of its three antecedents which honours would be displayed on its new colours. The chosen honours were:[17]

Queen's Colour
  • Mons; Retreat from Mons; Marne 1914, 18; Aisne 1914, 18; Messines 1914, 17, 18; Ypres 1914, 15, 17, 18; Neuve Chapelle; Loos; Somme 1916, 18; Arras 1917, 18; Scarpe 1917, 18; Cambrai 1917, 18; Lys; Hindenburg Line; Vittorio Veneto; Macedonia 1915–18; Sari Bair; Gallipoli 1915–16; Megiddo; Kut al Amara 1917; Baghdad; Kilimanjaro; Dunkirk; Normandy Landing; Falaise; Arnhem 1944; Lower Maas; Ourthe; Reichswald; Defence of Habbaniya; Tobruk 1941; Madagascar; Gueriat el Atach Ridge; Landing in Sicily; Anzio; Cassino II; Malta 1940–42; Singapore Island; Chindits 1943; North Arakan; Chindits 1944; Imphal; Kohima; Nyaungu Bridgehead; Burma 1943–45
Regimental Colour
  • Namur 1695; Gibraltar 1704-5; Blenheim; Ramillies; Oudenarde; Malplaquet; Dettingen; Louisburg; Guadeloupe 1759; Quebec 1759; Maida; Monte Video; Vimiera; Corunna; Arroyo dos Molinos; Tarifa; Badajoz; Salamanca; Vittoria; St Sebastian; Pyrenees; Nivelle; Nive; Guadeloupe 1810; Java; Bladensburg; Niagara; Waterloo; Bhurtpore; Candahar 1842; Cabool 1842; Maharajpore; New Zealand 1845–47; Alma; Inkerman; Sevastopol; Canton; Delhi 1857; Lucknow; New Zealand 1860–68; Abyssinia; Ahmad Khel; Afghanistan 1878–80; Defence of Kimberley; Defence of Ladysmith; Relief of Ladysmith; Afghanistan 1919; Korea 1952–53; The Hook 1953

In addition to the displayed honours, the regimental colour will also display four emblems from the antecedents regiments:

In addition, the Regimental Colour also features a Sphinx to distinguish the battle honour "Egypt" and a Dragon for the honour "China".

Golden threads[edit]

The regiment has brought forward a number of Golden Threads from its antecedents, as displays of its history and heritage:[17]

  • Lion of England – the English Lion, facing inwards as worn by the King's Own Royal Regiment, has been adopted as the regiment's collar badge. The Lion of England is known as the regiment's "Ancient Badge" and provides inspiration for the regimental nickname – first adopted by the 2nd Battalion in August 2009 – "Lions of England". The lion is also used on the regiment's tactical recognition flash.
  • Glider Flash – the glider awarded, 1949, as an honour to the Border Regiment, for glider landings in Sicily on 9 July 1943, is worn on the sleeve of No. 1 and No. 2 dress. The glider also formed the regiment's tactical recognition flash from its formation until 2014.[18]
  • Fleur-de-Lys – the fleur-de-lys worn by the King's Regiment is featured on the regiment's buttons.


Alongside a few other regiments in the British army that use traditional names other than Private for the lowest rank, The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment uses the rank Kingsman (Kgn) instead of Private, a tradition inherited from the King's Regiment (itself having inherited the tradition from the King's Regiment (Liverpool)). Its use has been officially sanctioned since 1951, but it was informally used before this for over one hundred years.[17]

Regimental Colonels[edit]

Regimental Colonels were as follows:


1880[21] 1881 Childers Reforms[21] 1921 Name changes 1957 Defence White Paper 1966 Defence White Paper 1990 Options for Change 2003 Delivering Security in a Changing World
4th (King's Own Royal) Regiment of Foot The King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment) The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) The King's Own Royal Border Regiment The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (King's, Lancashire and Border)
34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot The Border Regiment
55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot
8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot The King's (Liverpool Regiment) King's Regiment (Liverpool and Manchester)
63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment of Foot The Manchester Regiment
96th Regiment of Foot
30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot The East Lancashire Regiment The Lancashire Regiment (Prince of Wales's Volunteers) The Queen's Lancashire Regiment
59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot
40th (2nd Somersetshire) Regiment of Foot The Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment)
renamed in 1938:
The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers)
82nd (Prince of Wales's Volunteers) Regiment of Foot
47th (Lancashire) Regiment of Foot The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire)
81st (Loyal Lincoln Volunteers) Regiment of Foot



The regiment have received the Freedom of several locations throughout its history; these include:

Order of precedence[edit]

Preceded by
Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment
Infantry Order of Precedence Succeeded by
Royal Regiment of Fusiliers


  1. ^ "Duke of Lancaster's Regiment". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
  2. ^ "New Brigadier for Duke of Lancasters Regiment". Burnley Express. 18 November 2014. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  3. ^ "In detail: army restructuring plans". BBC. 16 December 2004. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  4. ^ "Actions, movements and quarters". King's Own Royal Regiment Museum. Archived from the original on 26 February 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  5. ^ "Duke of Lancaster's Regiment". www.army.mod.uk. Retrieved 2018-12-20.
  6. ^ "The Regimental Handbook of the Duke of Lancaster's Regiment". p. 10. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  7. ^ "1 Lancs". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  8. ^ "Strategic Defence and Security Review – Army:Written statement – HCWS367 – UK Parliament". Parliament.uk. 2014-12-04. Retrieved 2016-12-16.
  9. ^ "Integrated Review: Defence Command Paper, Volume 691: debated on Monday 22 March 2021". Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  10. ^ "Lancastrian and Cumbrian Volunteers". British Army Units 1945 On. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  11. ^ "King's Own Royal Regiment Museum". Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  12. ^ "King's Regiment collection". Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  13. ^ "Contact Us - Liverpool Scottish Museum Archive". Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  14. ^ "Lancashire Infantry Museum". Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  15. ^ "Cumbria's Museum of Military Life". Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  16. ^ "Museum of the Manchester Regiment". Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  17. ^ a b c "Regimental Handbook" (PDF). Duke of Lancaster's Regiment. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  18. ^ "Regimental characteristics" (PDF). Duke of Lancaster's Regiment. 1 April 2014. p. 4. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
  19. ^ a b "CBE for former Keswick student". Cumberland and Westmorland Herald. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
  20. ^ "New brigadier for Duke of Lancaster's Regiment". Clitheroe Advertiser. 25 December 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
  21. ^ a b The London Gazette, Page 3300-3301 (1 July 1881). "Childers Reform" (24992). Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  22. ^ Macpherson, Jon (2016-07-13). "Duke of Lancaster's Regiment to march through Haslingden". Rossendale Free Press. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  23. ^ Skentelbery, Gary (2018-09-27). "Another chance to show support for troops at freedom parade". Warrington-worldwide.co.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  24. ^ "Freedom of the Borough 2017". Chorley.gov.uk. 2017-07-22. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  25. ^ "Honorary Freemen of the Borough". Tameside.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  26. ^ "Duke of Lancaster's Regiment awarded Freedom of Knowsley". Archived from the original on 31 August 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  27. ^ "Troops get freedom of the city". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  28. ^ "Duke of Lancaster's Regiment's freedom of Ribble Valley". BBC News. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  29. ^ "Freedom of the Borough of West Lancashire". YouTube. 2011-10-25. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  30. ^ "Whitehaven pays tribute to soldiers at town parade". BBC News. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  31. ^ "Duke of Lancaster's Regiment to be awarded Freedom of Maryport | Border - ITV News". Itv.com. 2015-05-19. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  32. ^ "Regiment set to march through Bootle".
  33. ^ "Honorary Freedom of the Borough". UK: Sefton.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  34. ^ "Carlisle soldier to march in Appleby 'freedom of the town' parade". Cumbria Crack. 12 July 2017.
  35. ^ "Duke of Lancaster's Regiment given freedom of Appleby - BBC News". Bbc.com. 2017-07-19. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  36. ^ "Duke of Lancaster's Regiment given freedom of Blackpool | Latest News". Visit Blackpool. 2017-07-14. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  37. ^ Griffiths, Niall. "Army regiment to receive the 'freedom of Wigan' for its service to the country". Wigan Today. Retrieved 2019-12-04.


External links[edit]