Charlotte County, New Brunswick

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Charlotte County

Comté de Charlotte
County courthouse and jail
Location within New Brunswick
Location within New Brunswick
Coordinates: 45°10′N 66°50′W / 45.167°N 66.833°W / 45.167; -66.833Coordinates: 45°10′N 66°50′W / 45.167°N 66.833°W / 45.167; -66.833
CountryCanada
ProvinceNew Brunswick
Established1785
Named forCharlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Area
 • Land3,426.97 km2 (1,323.16 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total25,428
 • Density7.4/km2 (19/sq mi)
 • Pop 2011-2016
Decrease 4.2%
 • Dwellings
13,513
Time zoneUTC−04:00 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−03:00 (ADT)
Area code(s)506

Charlotte County (2016 population 25,428[1]) is a county of New Brunswick, Canada.

It was formed in 1784 when New Brunswick was partitioned from Nova Scotia.[2] Once a layer of local government, the county seat was abolished with the New Brunswick Equal Opportunity program in 1966. Counties continue to be used as census subdivisions by Statistics Canada.

It is in the southwestern corner of the province, bordering the US state of Maine. Located at the northern end of the Appalachian Mountains, it has a rugged terrain including Mount Pleasant. The St. Croix, Magaguadavic, and Digdegaush rivers drain into the Bay of Fundy. The county includes the large, populated islands of Grand Manan, White Head, Deer, and Campobello.

Eighteen per cent of the workforce is employed in aquaculture. Connors Bros., the largest sardine canning facility in North America, is located in Blacks Harbour. Cooke Aquaculture is an Atlantic salmon farming company, founded and headquartered in St. George. A paper mill, operated by JD Irving, is in Utopia, and Flakeboard Co Ltd operates outside of St. Stephen.

Governance is in the form of New Brunswick municipalities in the case of the towns of St. Andrews, St. George, and St. Stephen, the villages of Grand Manan and Blacks Harbour, and the rural community of Campobello Island. The remaining parts of the county are administered as local service districts of the Southwest New Brunswick Regional Service Commission, except Clarendon, which is part of RSC 11 in neighbouring Sunbury County.

Census data[edit]

Census divisions[edit]

Official name Designation Area: km2 (sq mi) 2016 population[3]
St. Stephen Town 13.52 (5.22) 4,415
Grand Manan Village 152.77 (58.98) 2,360
St. Andrews Town 8.35 (3.22) 1,786
St. George Town 16.17 (6.24) 1,517
Saint George Parish 2,141
Pennfield Parish 2,170
Saint Stephen Parish 1,839
Saint David Parish 1,529
Saint James Parish 1,186
Fundy Bay LSD 60.24 1,167
Dennis-Weston LSD 43.94 1,023
Blacks Harbour Village 9.06 (3.50) 894
Campobello Island Rural community 39.67 (15.32) 872
West Isles Parish 797
Lepreau Parish 707
Saint Patrick Parish 689
Saint Croix Parish 657
Dufferin Parish 573
Saint Andrews Parish 553
Western Charlotte part B LSD 28.97 534
Western Charlotte part A LSD 162.3 435
Dumbarton Parish 335
Beaver Harbour LSD 2.25 277
Grand Manan Parish 145
Clarendon Parish 63

Population[edit]

Canada census – Charlotte County, New Brunswick community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 25,428 (-4.2% from 2011) 26,549 (-1.3% from 2006) 26,898 (-1.7% from 2001)
Land area: 3,426.97 km2 (1,323.16 sq mi) 3,424.33 km2 (1,322.14 sq mi) 3,423.52 km2 (1,321.83 sq mi)
Population density: 7.4/km2 (19/sq mi) 7.8/km2 (20/sq mi) 7.9/km2 (20/sq mi)
Median age: 47.9 (M: 47.0, F: 48.8) 45.1 (M: 44.0, F: 46.0) 42.2 (M: 41.3, F: 43.0)
Total private dwellings: 13,513 13,486 13,392
Median household income: $55,701 $48,953 $40,897
References: 2016[3] 2011[4] 2006[5] earlier[6]
Historical Census Data - Charlotte County, New Brunswick
YearPop.±%
1991 26,607—    
1996 27,335+2.7%
YearPop.±%
2001 27,366+0.1%
2006 26,898−1.7%
YearPop.±%
2011 26,549−1.3%
2016 25,428−4.2%
[7][8][1]

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Charlotte County, New Brunswick[7]
Census Total
English
French
English & French
Non-official languages
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2016
25,115
23,850 Decrease 4.9% 94.96% 580 Decrease 5.2% 2.31% 50 Decrease 10.0% 0.21% 570 Increase 12.9% 2.27%
2011
26,185
25,015 Decrease 2.4% 95.53% 610 Increase 7.0% 2.33% 55 Increase 120.0% 0.21% 505 Increase 26.3% 1.93%
2006
26,620
25,625 Decrease 1.8% 96.26% 570 Decrease 15.6% 2.14% 25 Decrease 28.6% 0.10% 400 Increase 90.5% 1.50%
2001
27,020
26,100 Decrease 0.2% 96.59% 675 Increase 23.9% 2.50% 35 Decrease 22.2% 0.13% 210 Decrease 16.0% 0.78%
1996
26,990
26,150 n/a 96.89% 545 n/a 2.02% 45 n/a 0.17% 250 n/a 0.93%

Infrastructure[edit]

Power generation[edit]

Hydroelectric dams operate in St. George and St. Stephen, though the latter is being decommissioned.

Major highways[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Charlotte, County [Census division], New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  2. ^ Slumkoski, Corey (2005). "The Partition of Nova Scotia". The Winslow Papers. Electronic text centre (UNB Libraries). Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. 21 February 2017. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  4. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  5. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. 30 March 2011. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  6. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. 17 February 2012.
  7. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  8. ^ 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Charlotte County, New Brunswick