Jorge González von Marées
Jorge González von Marées[a] (April 4, 1900 – March 14, 1962), also known as El Jefe (Spanish: The chief, analogous to the Führer) was a Chilean political figure and author who served two terms as a member of the Chamber of Deputies and as mayor of Ñuñoa.
Born in Santiago to a German noble mother and to Marcial González, physician and founder of Clínica Alemana. He studied in Instituto Nacional General José Miguel Carrera, an elite public school back then, later studying Law and Engineering, the latter incomplete, in Universidad de Chile, Chile's most prestigious public university. He was ideologically influenced by Oswald Spengler. On April 5, 1932 he founded the National Socialist Movement of Chile to oppose democratism, americanism, and communism.
González von Marées organized a failed coup d'état attempt on September 5, 1938, in which 58 young nacista members were shot to death by carabineros, in what became known as the Seguro Obrero massacre. He was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment, but subsequently pardoned by president Pedro Aguirre Cerda.
- González von Marées, Jorge (1932). La concepción nacista del Estado. Santiago, Chile.
- González von Marées, Jorge (1937). El problema del hambre. Santiago, Chile: Editorial Ercilla.
- González von Marées, Jorge (1939). Pueblo y Estado. Santiago, Chile.
- González von Marées, Jorge (1940). El mal de Chile: Sus causas y remedios. Santiago, Chile: Ediciones Diego Portales.
- Nacismo: National Socialism in Chile 1932-1938 by M. Potashnik, Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles 1974.
- Jorge González von Marées: Chief of Chilean Nacism by George F. W. Young, an article in Jahrbuch für Geschichte von Staat, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft Lateinamerikas, Band 11, 1974
- The National Socialist Movement of Chile by H.E. Bicheno, Cambridge University thesis, 1976
- Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890 edited by Philip Rees, 1991, ISBN 0-13-089301-3
- Black Sun: Aryan Cults, Esoteric Nazism and the Politics of Identity (Chap. 9) by Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke, 2001, ISBN 0-8147-3155-4
- The Tragedy of Chile by Robert J. Alexander, Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1978 ISBN 0-313-20034-3