List of endemic birds of South Asia

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Endemic birds of South Asia are those birds that belong to or are native to South Asia, on the Indian subcontinent and adjacent islands of the north-central Indian Ocean.[1]

This article is one of a series providing information about endemism among birds in the world's various zoogeographic zones. For an overview of this subject see Endemism in birds.

Endemic Bird Areas[edit]

BirdLife International has defined two Endemic Bird Areas (EBAs) in the Indian subcontinent:[2]

Each area has its own set of endemic species, and there are further species shared between the two which are not found elsewhere.

In addition, the following are classified as secondary areas (areas with at least one restricted-range bird species, but not meeting the criteria to qualify as EBAs):

List of species[edit]

Species endemic to India[edit]

Species endemic to the Western Ghats and associated hills[edit]

Other localised species endemic to peninsular India[edit]

Species endemic to Sri Lanka[edit]

Other localised species endemic to peninsular India and Sri Lanka combined[edit]

Species endemic to Sri Lanka and the Western Ghats combined[edit]

Other species endemic to the subcontinent[edit]

Species endemic to northern parts of the subcontinent[edit]

Near-endemics and seasonal endemics[edit]

In addition, the following species are near-endemics i.e. only a small proportion of the population is found outside the subcontinent:

The following species is endemic as a breeding species, but winters elsewhere:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Endemic | Definition of endemic by Merriam-Webster accessed October 15, 2015 from
  2. ^ del Hoyo, Josep and Collar, Nigel J. Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World, Volume 1: Non-passerines Jan 1, 2014