|President of Greece|
10 December 1929 – 10 October 1935
|Preceded by||Pavlos Kountouriotis|
|Succeeded by||Georgios Kondylis (as Regent)|
|Prime Minister of Greece|
4 December 1926 – 4 July 1928
|Preceded by||Georgios Kondilis|
|Succeeded by||Eleftherios Venizelos|
5 February 1917 – 27 June 1917
|Preceded by||Spyridon Lambros|
|Succeeded by||Eleftherios Venizelos|
22 June 1916 – 16 September 1916
|Preceded by||Stephanos Skouloudis|
|Succeeded by||Nikolaos Kalogeropoulos|
7 October 1915 – 7 November 1915
|Preceded by||Eleftherios Venizelos|
|Succeeded by||Stephanos Skouloudis|
25 November 1901 – 6 December 1902
|Preceded by||Georgios Theotokis|
|Succeeded by||Theodoros Deligiannis|
3 October 1897 – 14 April 1899
|Preceded by||Dimitrios Rallis|
|Succeeded by||Georgios Theotokis|
|High Commissioner of Crete|
18 September 1906 – 24 September 1908
|Preceded by||Prince George of Greece|
|Succeeded by||(Unification with Greece unilaterally declared)|
|Born||9 November 1855|
Athens, Kingdom of Greece
|Died||15 September 1936 (aged 80)|
Vienna, Federal State of Austria
|Political party||Nationalist Party|
Third Party (1902–1924)
|Residence||Kerpini, Kalavryta, Achaia prefecture, Peloponnese, Greece|
Alexandros Zaimis (Greek: Αλέξανδρος Ζαΐμης; 9 November 1855 – 15 September 1936) was a Greek politician who served as Greece's Prime Minister, Minister of the Interior, Minister of Justice, and High Commissioner of Crete. He served as Prime Minister six times, and although a leader of the monarchist faction was the third and last President of the Second Hellenic Republic.
Early life and family
He was born in Athens and was the son of Thrasyvoulos Zaimis, a former Prime Minister of Greece, and Eleni Mourouzi. His brother was Asimakis Zaimis. On his father's side he was the grandson of Andreas Zaimis, another former Prime Minister of Greece, and related to the great Kalavrytan family with notable participation in the Greek War of Independence from 1821. From his mother's side he was a descendant of an important Fanariote family of the Mourozidon. His family lived in Kerpini, Kalavryta in the Achaia prefecture.
Alexandros became involved in politics after the death of his father who was the elected member of parliament for Kalavryta.
He became a Member of Parliament in 1885. He served as Minister of the Interior and Justice Minister in Theodoros Deligiannis' government (1890–92) and Speaker of the Hellenic Parliament (1895-97). He became Prime Minister for the first time in 1897.
Appointment as High Commissioner
Re-election as Prime Minister
Alexandros Zaimis was re-elected as Prime Minister a further five times. He was appointed Prime Minister under King Constantine I to succeed Venizelos in October 1915, but resigned a month later when his government failed to receive a vote of confidence. In 1917, Zaimis served again as Prime Minister under King Constantine I, while Eleftherios Venizelos led a rival government controlling northern Greece. Under Entente pressure, he resigned in favor of Venizelos in June of the same year. During World War I, he was generally supposed to favor neutrality for Greece, but to be personally in favor of the Allies.
Zaimis was elected the third and last President of the Second Hellenic Republic in 1929. He was reelected in 1933. However, only two years into his second term, he was thrown out of office by Georgios Kondylis, who abolished the Republic and proclaimed himself regent pending the results of a referendum on restoring the monarchy. This referendum resulted in George II being recalled to the throne by almost 98 percent of the vote, an implausibly high total that could have only been obtained through fraud.
Death and legacy
He died on 15 September 1936 in Vienna, Austria and was buried in the First Cemetery of Athens. He was married without children. The political legacy of his family was continued by his siblings and cousins.
- Svolopoulos, Konstantinos (1988). "Η Περίοδος της Αυτονομίας ("The Period of Autonomy")". In Panagiotakis, Nikolaos M. (ed.). Crete, History and Civilization (in Greek). II. Vikelea Library, Association of Regional Associations of Regional Municipalities. pp. 459–492.
- Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). Encyclopedia Americana. .